Honduras is a Central American country about the size of the state of Tennessee. Honduras borders the Caribbean Sea on the north coast and the Pacific Ocean on the south. The climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains.
According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Honduras has the highest rate of intentional homicide in the world, with 6,239 intentional homicides, or 82.1 per 100,000 of population in 2010.
The distribution of wealth is very polarized, with average wages remaining low. 50% of the population, approximately 3.7 million people, still remains below the poverty line. It is estimated that there are more than 1.2 million people who are unemployed, the rate of unemployment standing at 27.9%.
Honduras has a population of 8,143,564 as of July 2011 made up of: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%”.
Although most Hondurans are nominally Roman Catholic (which would be considered the main religion), membership in the Roman Catholic Church is declining.
About 83.6% of the population of the country is literate. 60 thousand are unable to read or write. In 2007 the primary school completion rate was reported to be 40%.
The current Constitution of Honduras names the sister cities of Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela as the permanent national capital. As of 2011, the population of Tegucigalpa is estimated anywhere between 1.2 and 1.3 million people.
Only 140 thousand have direct access to potable water.